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The two towns, along with neighboring Hierapolis, were destroyed by earthquakes in AD 17 (in the reign of Tiberius) and again in 60 (in the reign of Nero). The most advanced Bible Dictionary. [10], The first mention of the city may be in a 17th-century BC Hittite inscription, which speaks of a city called Huwalušija, which some archeologists believe refer to early Colossae. Colossae Map. When you get to the entrance, this is what you will see: The official front entrance. Colossus of Rhodes, colossal statue of the sun god Helios that stood in the ancient Greek city of Rhodes and was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Listen on Apple Podcasts. Ceramic finds around the theater confirm the city's early occupation in the third and second millennia BC. Pottery collected from Colossae’s surface shows that Colossae was occupied on and off from 3500 B.C.E. A legend developed that he saved the town at the request of the priest Archippus, who appears in Colossians 4:17. [16] This unorthodox cult venerated the archangel Michael who is said to have caused a curative spring to gush from a fissure in the Earth. who was not personally at the Council of Chalcedon, but whose metropolitan bishop Nunechius of Laodicea, the capital of the Roman province of Phrygia Pacatiana signed the acts on his behalf. [12] It was famous for its wool trade. Its writer, the seer John, addresses seven “churches,” including Laodicea (Revelation 3:14–22). Cadmus (in modern Turkey). due east of Ephesus. It was once a significant economic centre, but Ephesus now held a significant advantage having direct seaport access. Sign up to receive our email newsletter and never miss an update. Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary. It was part of the Roman – and then Byzantine – province of Phrygia Pacatiana, before being destroyed in 1192/3 and its population relocating to nearby Chonae (Chonai, modern day Honaz). Subscribers: Read the full article “Colossae—Colossal in Name Only?” by Michael Trainor in the March/April 2019 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review. to the northwest. COPYRIGHT © 2020 BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY SOCIETY 4710 41ST STREET N.W., WASHINGTON DC 20016. Colossae’s first concrete appearance in a historical document comes from the fifth century B.C.E. Cadmus, 8,013 ft. high. Colossae or Colosse (also known as Chonae or Kona; Greek: Κολοσσαί, Χωναί/Χῶναι), was an ancient city of Phrygia, on the Lycus, which is a tributary of the Maeander River. Although Colossae’s history spans millennia, this site has never been excavated. "I wish that you were cold or hot" (Revelation 3:15–16) "I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot. to the west, and Hierapolis, 13 mi. It is located near the sites of Laodicea and Hierapolis, which also appear in the Bible. when Herodotus mentions it as a “great city” visited by the Persian king Xerxes on his military campaign to Greece. Trainor explains the legend: Archippus seeks divine intervention to rescue the Christian populace of Colossae from a pagan invasion intent on diverting the waters of the Lycus River to flood and kill the city-dwellers. A city of SW Asia Minor. Trainor explains that there may be another reference to Colossae and its church elsewhere in the New Testament: Some scholars … conjecture that Colossae was the location for the receipt of Paul’s letter to Philemon and was most likely implicated in the Book of Revelation. To the untrained eye, the site may appear unimpressive, but great archaeological treasures lie beneath its surface. Where is Colossae located? The present site exhibits a biconical acropolis almost 100 feet high, and encompasses an area of almost 22 acres. Colossae is in the same region as the seven churches of the Book of Revelation. The message to Laodicea is one of judgement with a call to repentance. A significant city from the 5th century BC onwards, it had dwindled in importance by the time of Paul, but was notable for the existence of its local angel cult. [3], The canonical biblical text Epistle to the Colossians is addressed to the Christian community in Colossae. The hotel spa and massages were also good though I felt it to be bit expensive. The city of Colossae in the Roman province of Asia was located primarily on the south bank of the Lycus River inside the Lycus Valley, near the foot of Mount Cadmus, southeast of Hierapolis and east/southeast of Laodicea. The location in proximity to other cities. Join Michael Trainor on an exploration of this ancient city awaiting the spade! Sajju03 India. The entrance to the mound is located here. [15] Paul's letter to the Colossians points to the existence of an early Christian community. The lukewarm waters of Laodicea, its gold and textile production, and its medicinal products become metaphors for the Laodiceans’ fidelity and religious commitment, which the writer of Revelation urged them to renew. The city was decimated by an earthquake in the 60s AD, and was rebuilt independent of the support of Rome. As a matter of fact, “Xerxes, on his march to Sardes, B.C. Yet Trainor is still able to reconstruct much of its history for BAR readers. There is a running track round the surrounding which is about 3 km long. Colossae Sherwood is a church plant located in Sherwood, Oregon. Where is the colossal Church of St. Michael in Colossae? The Fifth Century geographer Herodotus first mentions Colossae by name and as a "great city in Phrygia", which accommodates the Persian King Xerxes I while en route to wage war against the Greeks - showing the city had already reached a certain level of wealth and size by this time. Cadmus (in modern Turkey). The site of Colossae is located on the southern edge of the Lycus Valley near larger and more significant sites such as Laodecia, 8 mi. Located at the foot of the mountain and gives weary tourists a nice feeling of relaxation. [13 km.] Known for healing the sick, St. Michael was a particularly important figure at Colossae. Michael intervenes, drives his spear into the earth, diverts the waters underground, saves the people, and creates the chasm that appears in the topography near Colossae. No one was there. Colossæ was a suffragan of Laodicea in Phrygia Pacatiana. [21.5 km.] "Archaeology From Art: Investigating Colossae and the Miracle of the Archangel Michael at Kona. From the Persian period through the Byzantine period, Colossae was a large, important city. Tradition also gives Philemon as the second bishop of the see. In Colossians there is mention of local brethren in Colossae, Laodicea, and Hierapolis. The map shows Colossae’s location and ancient information such as the ancient attractions in Colossae. In all had a very comfortable stay at the hotel. Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). [23] Near the Lycus River, there is evidence that water channels had been cut out of the rock with a complex of pipes and sluice gates to divert water for bathing and for agricultural and industrial purposes. Colossae was located in Phrygia, in Asia Minor. Today, the remains of one column marks the location where locals believe a church once stood, possibly that of St. Cadmus. See more. (the Chalcolithic period through the Byzantine and Islamic periods). [13], In 396 BC, Colossae was the site of the execution of the rebellious Persian satrap Tissaphernes who was lured there and slain by an agent of the party of Cyrus the Younger. [9] Another proposal relates the name to the Greek kolazo, "to punish". Combine a one-year tablet and print subscription to BAR with membership in the BAS Library to start your journey into the ancient past today! [11] [1] It was located 15 km southeast of Laodicea on the road through the Lycus Valley near the Lycus River at the foot of Mt. [10], Colossae's famous church was destroyed in 1192/3 during the Byzantine civil wars. This is a map of ancient city Colossae in Denizli, Turkey showing the location , geography and buildings. Cadmus, 8,013 ft. high. ko-los'-e (Kolossai, "punishment"; the King James Version Colosse): A city of Phrygia on the Lycus River, one of the branches of the Meander, and 3 miles from Mt. Site of Colossae—lower city viewed from the former acropolis, looking south. It was completely abandoned in 692 - 787 AD, because of the city Chonae was established at the location where today's Honaz District centre is located. Your email address will not be published. Michael. The unexcavated site of Colossae sits near the modern city of Honaz at the base of Mt. Honas) is still a little village, twelve miles east of Denizli; it has been rendered famous by its miraculous church of St. Michael. Ancient site of Colossae is located 25 kilometers (15 miles) east of Denizli province in Turkey, and 2 kilometers north of Honaz district. Chonæ (vulgar Greek Khonés, Turk. ", This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 00:02. It is approximately 112 mi. The population of Colossae was probably quite diverse -- especially in light of the nearby highway. It would also indicate that Laodicea (like Colossae) was not evangelized by Paul, but possibly by his disciple Epaphras. Northeast of the tell, and most likely outside the city walls, a necropolis displays Hellenistic tombs with two main styles of burial: one with an antecedent room connected to an inner chamber, and tumuli, or underground chambers accessed by stairs leading to the entrance. The statue, which took 12 years to build (c. 294–282 BCE), was toppled by an earthquake about 225/226 BCE. Alternatively, the church might have been located where the modern city of Honaz now stands. It was situated about 12 miles above Laodicea, and near the great road from Ephesus to the Euphrates. Photo: Courtesy of Alan H. Cadwallader. There … Cadmus, 8,013 ft. high. Now about one mile north of the … [19] Colossae is pronounced as kuh–los-ee. [18] It is believed that one aim of the letter was to address the challenges that the Colossian community faced in its context of the syncretistic Gnostic religions that were developing in Asia Minor.[16]. We know that Antiochus III had settled about 2,000 Jewish families in the general area in 213 BC. Perhaps future excavations will reveal its location. Colossae history and church In 396 BC, during the Persian Wars, the satrap Tissaphernes was lured to Colossae and slain by an agent of the party of Cyrus the Younger. Where is the Church of St. Michael at Biblical Colossae? Cadmus, the highest mountain in Turkey's western Aegean Region, and between the cities Sardeis and Celaenae, and southeast of the ancient city of Hierapolis. The church at Colossae was the recipient of a letter bearing the name of the Apostle Paul. The letter to the Colossians was addressed to the church located there. It stood at the head of a gorge where the two streams unite, and on the great highway traversing the country from Ephesus to the Euphrates valley, 13 miles from Hierapolis and 10 from Laodicea. The running path cuts along the foot of the mountain and also the nearby town. Its history is chiefly … Its inhabitants are called Colossians. [22], The first historically documented bishop is Epiphanius,[when?] The theater was probably built during the Roman period, and may be near an agora that abuts the Cardo Maximus, or the city's main north-south road. ko-los'-e (Kolossai, "punishment"; the King James Version Colosse): A city of Phrygia on the Lycus River, one of the branches of the Meander, and 3 miles from Mt. The Colossians, by association and proximity to Laodicea, would have been similarly encouraged. The unexcavated site of Colossae sits near the modern city of Honaz at the base of Mt. Yet there is no indication in the New Testament that Paul ever visited the site of Colossae. Colossae. It stood at the head of a gorge where the two streams unite, and on the great highway traversing the country from Ephesus to the Euphrates valley, 13 miles from Hierapolis and 10 from Laodicea. But Colossae’s importance as a business center diminished significantly around 100 BC, when the neighboring city of Laodicea was founded as an active and commercially aggressive competitor. Good for an outdoor run for those who want to exercise while on holiday instead of using the hotel gym. Nevertheless, sources suggest that the town may have decreased in size or may even been completely abandoned due to Arab invasions in the seventh and eighth centuries, forcing the population to flee to resettle in the nearby city of Chonai (modern day Honaz). The thermal pool, jaquzzi, turkish bath etc were absolutely good. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George (1897). He guides readers through the site’s references in the Bible, historical and archaeological sources, and tradition. Pliny tells that the wool of Colossae gave its name (colossinus) to the colour of the cyclamen flower. Has the Childhood Home of Jesus Been Found. Paul wrote two letters to Colossae, namely Colossians and Philemon. It stood at the head of a gorge where the two streams unite, and on the great highway traversing the country from Ephesus to the Euphrates valley, 13 miles from Hierapolis and 10 from Laodicea. Click on the map to view it in full resolution. [8] Others believe the name derives from the manufacture of its famous dyed wool, or colossinus. It’s important to understand the location of Colossae in relation to other cities of early Christianity. Colossae was located 120 miles east of Ephesus in the Lycus River Valley in ancient Phrygia, part of the Roman territory of Asia Minor. It was one of a triad of cities in the area (the other two being Laodicea and Hierapolis), resting at the foot of Mount Cadmus. COLOSSAE. The unexcavated site of Colossae awaits exploration. The oracle contains a number of metaphors. This is your ancient map guide and all the information you need. The unexcavated site of Colossae sits near the modern city of Honaz at the base of Mt. 3 The area still had a strong Jewish minority presence in Paul's day, a fact which probably relates directly to Paul's letter. The town was known for its fusion of religious influences (syncretism), which included Jewish, Gnostic, and pagan influences that in the first century AD were described as an angel-cult. Outside the tell there are also remains of sections of columns that may have marked a processional way or the cardo. It was about 12 miles southeast of Laodicea on the road that lead from Ephesus to the Euphrates River in the east. Its biblical significance lies in the fact that the book of Colossians was addressed to the church here (Col 1:2) and that Philemon lived in this city. Hittite inscription might reference the site, calling it Huwalušija. Husbands in Colossae. [180 km.] Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Colossians 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, 2 To God’s holy people in Colossae, the faithful brothers and sisters in Christ, "Background on Colossae and the Colossians | Bible Commentary | Theology of Work", Chelae on the Asian coast of the Bosphorus, Chelae on the European coast of the Bosphorus, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Colossae&oldid=992766392, Articles with incomplete citations from February 2016, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles needing additional references from February 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from February 2016, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles to be expanded from February 2016, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from February 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2016, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from February 2016, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Bennett, Andrew Lloyd. According to the Epistle to the Colossians, Epaphras seems to have been a person of some importance in the Christian community in Colossae (Col. 1:7; 4:12), and tradition presents him as its first bishop. COLOSSAE. It is located bit away from pamukkale but it did not matter that much. the buffet layout was also elaborate and had good variety. Colossae was located in Phrygia, in Asia Minor. The city of Colossae was located in Asia Minor approximately 100 miles east of Ephesus in the Lycus Valley. Where is Biblical Colossae? Cadmus, the highest mountain in Turkey's western Aegean Region, and between the cities Sardeis and Celaenae, and southeast of the ancient city of Hierapolis. Despite its significance, its location has been lost to us. This column fragment northeast of Colossae near the Lycus River may mark its location. But there are no ruins today. By submitting above, you agree to our privacy policy. Lexham Bible Dictionary. More geographical facts of the tri-city area Colossae was part of a tri-city area nestled in a scenic, mountainous region that was a tourist attraction in Biblical times just as it is today. [8] More recently, in an interpretation which ties Colossae to an Indo-European root that happens to be shared with the word kolossos, Jean-Pierre Vernant has connected the name to the idea of setting up a sacred space or shrine. Required fields are marked *. The Epistle to the Colossians, an early Christian text which identifies its author as Paul the Apostle, is addressed to the church in Colossae. It is located near the sites of … This story became a popular iconographic theme throughout Asia Minor and the Middle East. Learn more about the Colossus of Rhodes in … Photo: Courtesy of Michael Trainor. It was one of a triad of cities in the area (the other two being Laodicea and Hierapolis), resting at the foot of Mount Cadmus. At Colossae, Herodotusdescribes how, "the river Lycos falls into an opening of the earth and disappears from view, and then after an interval of about five furlongs it comes up to view again, and thi… [14], Although during the Hellenistic period, the town was of some mercantile importance, by the 1st century it had dwindled greatly in size and significance. ko-los'-e (Kolossai, "punishment"; the King James Version Colosse): A city of Phrygia on the Lycus River, one of the branches of the Meander, and 3 miles from Mt. The site, located near the modern town of Honaz in Turkey, has never been excavated. It was located 15 km southeast of Laodicea on the road through the Lycus Valley near the Lycus River at the foot of Mt. [5][6][7], The medieval poet Manuel Philes, incorrectly, imagined that the name "Colossae" was connected to the Colossus of Rhodes. We hope this site—of colossal importance—is excavated soon! We learn from the ancient sources that St. Michael church existed in Chonae city. Cadmus (in modern Turkey). [20], The Apostolic Constitutions list Philemon as a Bishop of Colossae. Colossae was an ancient city in the western part of the Roman province of Asia. During the Byzantine period, it even served as a Metropolitan See (an archdiocese) and had one of the largest churches in the Near East: the Church of St. Michael, named after the archangel Michael. T. Nelson and Sons. But Colossae’s importance as a business center diminished significantly around 100 BC, when the neighboring city of Laodicea was founded as an active and commercially aggressive competitor. This is the exact location of Colossae in modern day Turkey. Colossae was approximately 12 miles (19 km) from Laodicea and 14 miles (23 km) from Hierapolis. The site is uninhabited at present. "Colossae". There were three cities in the immediate area: Colossae, Laodicea and Hierapolis. Colossae in the Bible. Colossae was located 120 miles east of Ephesus in the Lycus River Valley in ancient Phrygia, part of the Roman territory of Asia Minor. On the eastern slope there sits a theater which probably seated around 5,000 people, suggesting a total population of 25,000 - 30,000 people. Colossae (/kəˈlɒsi/; Greek: Κολοσσαί) was an ancient city of Phrygia in Asia Minor, and one of the most celebrated cities of southern Anatolia (modern Turkey). [citation needed], The city's fame and renowned status continued into the Byzantine period, and in 858, it was distinguished as a Metropolitan See. The three cities making up the "tri-city" were: Colossae, Hierapolis, and Laodicea. The epistle has traditionally been attributed to Paul the Apostle due to its autobiographical salutation & style,[17] but some modern critical scholars now believe it to be written by another author some time after Paul's death. "Colossae in Space and Time: Overcoming Dislocation, Dismemberment and Anachronicity". A 17th-century B.C.E. It was also closer to some of the most prominent cities like Ephesus, Laodicea and Hierapolis. Members of the congregation at Colossae may have been incorporating pagan elements into their practice, including … The two towns, along with neighboring Hierapolis, were destroyed by earthquakes in AD 17 (in the reign of Tiberius) and again in 60 (in the reign of Nero). COLOSSAE. Learn more about Colossae in the Bible, history, and tradition in Michael Trainor’s article “Colossae—Colossal in Name Only?” published in the March/April 2019 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review. It was located in the valley of the Lycus River, roughly 100 miles east of Ephesus . Colossal Church? The Byzantines also built the church of St. Michael in the vicinity of Colossae, one of the largest church buildings in the Middle East. In fact, in Colossians 2:1 he implies that those at Colossae and nearby Laodicea had never seen him “face to face.”. Locals consider the water to be therapeutic.[25]. Photos provided by ChristianAnswers Associate, BiblePlaces T his was a city of Phrygia, on the Lycus River, which is a tributary of the Maeander River. Now about one mile north of the … The city of Colossae in the Roman province of Asia was located primarily on the south bank of the Lycus River inside the Lycus Valley, near the foot of Mount Cadmus, southeast of Hierapolis and east/southeast of Laodicea. One tradition places the church northeast of Colossae near the Lycus River, and another locates it southeast of the tell in modern Honaz. The etiological legend explains several topographical features of the landscape around Colossae, the movement of the Lycus River’s water underground and its healing properties, the meaning of the name given to Chonos/Honaz (meaning “plunging” or “funnels”), Colossae’s alleged relocation, and the largest church building in Asia Minor named after St. Michael. 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His article “ Colossae—Colossal in name Only? ” published in the Testament. About 3 km long Michael in Colossae to view it in full resolution 100 east! Throughout Asia Minor was situated about 12 miles above Laodicea, and encompasses an area of almost acres... Great road from Ephesus to the Colossians is addressed to where is colossae located Colossians is addressed the... Colossae appears Only one time in the Bible: Colossians 1:2 Encyclopedia considers Philemon doubtful combine a one-year and... Face to face. ” believe the name derives from the Persian king Xerxes his!

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